Statistics Canada: Canada’s Immigrant Labour Market, 2008 to 2011

In 2011, employment among landed immigrants in the core working-age group of 25 to 54 increased 4.3% from the previous year. The majority of the growth occurred among established immigrants who had been in the country for more than 10 years. Over the same period, employment among core-aged Canadian born was virtually unchanged.

The employment rate of core-aged immigrants in 2011 was 75.6%, compared with 82.9% for their Canadian-born counterparts. (The employment rate for any given group is the number of employed as a share of the total population in that group.)

The 2011 employment rate for core-aged landed immigrants was still 1.8 percentage points lower than in 2008, the start of the economic downturn. This was mostly because their growth in employment did not keep pace with the growth in their population.

Among Canadian born, the employment rate also fell between 2008 and 2011, down 1.2 percentage points. This was, however, the result of employment decline (-1.8%), as their population remained relatively stable.

Employment rates were progressively higher the longer immigrants had been in the country. In 2011, these rates ranged from 63.5% among those in the country for five years or less (very recent immigrants) to 79.8% among those here for more than a decade.

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